Your Answer to Question 1 is
Wrong.

The Constitution of the United States begins as follows:
"We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

For America to have Equal Justice for all Americans, all Americans must have an equal right to the protection, benefits and liberties provided by the United States.  It cannot be said that American "X" is receiving equal justice if she has less protection, benefits and liberties, than does American "Y".

Domestic Tranquility can never happen if some Americans are given unequal, unfair or non-objective treatment; that is obvious.

Equal general welfare and equal liberty for all Americans, by definition means that all Americans have equal, fair and objective rights to the protection, benefits and liberties provided by the United States.